Being a scientist myself (but in the exact sciences, where you can actually prove your ideas), I frequently squirm and feel ill when I see the colossal stupidity of fellow scientists (whom one presumes have understood the ethical codes we are expected to abide by, regardless of our field of investigation) – in human medicine, scientists refuse to use “data” obtained by mentally deranged nazi doctors out of fear that such a use could be interpreted as some sort of acceptation of the methods used – a strong ethical taboo.
Not so for these Norwegian sociologists/anthropologists – who with exquisite ease ignore the frightening reality of this pogrom – the day when Muslim thugs got a free pass to call for Jewish blood in Oslo. In stead of backing off or adhering to the many precedents in current ethical thought these two scrupulous ‘researchers’ use this as a pretext to praise Muslim youth and their ‘political engagement’. I have no doubt that if these two characters were invited to participate in the Milgram experiment, they would not have stopped until the poor buggar in the booth was fried to toast.
lifted from forskning.no (bad google translate)
Riots in Oslo awakened young Muslims politically
Thousands demonstrated the Israeli attacks against the Gaza Strip in Oslo four years ago. The attention surrounding noise caused the Norwegian minority expressed in the public debate.
Wednesday 02 January 2013
Molotov cocktails in the air is a rare sight in Oslo, but at the turn of 2008-2009 were a few of them thrown into the air as thousands demonstrated against Israel’s attacks on Gaza.
The demonstrations were largely peaceful, but at times things got out of control.
Several windows were broken when it was at its worst, and some of those who had gathered in separate, pro-Israeli demonstrations were attacked. Police were equipped with shields and helmets, and responded with tear gas when they were pelted by stones and fireworks.
Nearly 200 people were arrested, but under ten people were eventually convicted.
The noise got great media attention, both in news coverage and debate space. Several organizations and prominent individuals in Oslo minority environment was strongly against violence.
For many minority youths who participated in the demonstration became violent episodes and the strong reactions a political alarm.
It summarizes the researchers Christine Jacobsen Mette Andersson from the University of Bergen, who did interviews in Oslo mosques in the days before the demonstrations, while they lasted, and afterwards.
Stone-throwing for thought
Many saw the invasion of Gaza as an attack on the global Muslim community, and many young Muslims went out into the winter weather to express solidarity with the Palestinians and anger against Israel and its allies. Many had not been demonstrated before.
- They went from having an inarticulate frustration about his situation exists, to be drawn into the collective arenas where they were discussed, formulated and expressed publicly a form of power criticism, says Jacobsen.
- Gaza protests led to the mobilization and involvement, and gave minorities an opportunity to be visible, and get the word in the debate, she continued.
The researchers asked those of adolescents who had participated in the violent parts of the demonstrations to evaluate their actions in hindsight. Most of those who had thrown stones at the police said that they regretted afterwards.
- While others said that they just did it for fun, and that they had no regrets, says Jacobsen.
A clear message from the minority community
Media attention greatly affected how the Muslim protesters rated their own participation.
- Suddenly it’s very important what image they gave of Islam, Muslims and minorities in Norway, says Jacobsen.
The message in the Norwegian minority community was clear: violence is not OK.
- There were adverse reactions, facebook groups and debattforaer where people denounced violence and steinkasteing. There were meetings in mosques where people got the message that good Muslims are not involved in violent demostration, says Jacobsen.
- The main tone was that violence was unacceptable, and it was strong and unanimous rebuke from the adult and responsible that this was not a legitimate form of protest.
Layers of frustration
For many youths acted not only demonstrations of the conflict in the Middle East, but also about their status as a minority, and their experiences with racism and discrimination in Norway.
Seven out of ten ethnic Norwegian Norwegians say they appreciate the immigrants’ culture and their contributions in the Norwegian economy, but also says as many as a third of immigrants make the country less safe.
About half of all immigrants in Norway say they have experienced discrimination, and almost a third of all unemployed immigrants.
- There are layers upon layers of layers of frustration related to the status of minority youth in Norway, says Jacobsen.
- Experience with discrimination and social exclusion has built up and was expressed in these demonstrations.
The riots caused intense debate while still ongoing, and the time immediately afterwards, but turbulence also led to more permanent changes.
- New discussion forum was institutionalized, such as dialogue meetings at the House of Literature in Oslo, which gives minorities an arena where they can talk about their experience and frustration, says Jacobsen.
Initiator of the dialogue meetings were Liberal politician Abid Q. Raja.
- There have also been a number of new voices in the media, who spoke on behalf of the Muslims, continue Jacobsen.
- There is perhaps something that eventually may help to break down stereotypes and prejudices.
The Muslim philosopher and scholar Tariq Ramadan visited Oslo in time for demonstrations and spoke to a crowd of Rabita Mosque.
Ramadan urged young Norwegian Muslims to take their place as citizens and participate on an equal footing with other Norwegians instead of keeping them in a defensive position where they feel suspect and inferior – what he calls a minority mentality.
- Muslims must define themselves as Europeans when they live in Europe, and not as Muslims in exile, he told utrop.no in the lecture.
- I think many agree with him, says Jacobsen.
- He has a relatively high status and be heard in some areas.
Attack on Gaza, 2012
In November 2012 was again attacked Gaza by Israel. In eight days the Gaza fired over 1500 times, and more than 160 people were killed and 1,000 rockets from Gaza killed a total of five people.
There were no major demonstrations in Oslo this time.
- Concern for Gaza is still big among young people we worked with in 2008 and 2009, but many have been very engaged Syria in the past, which may have slowed initiatives to a mass mobilization of Gaza, says Jacobsen.
She also says that the media’s focus on radicalization in the Norwegian, Muslim young people may have had a dampening effect.
Jacobsen & Andersson, ‘Gaza in Oslo’: Social imaginaries in the political engagement of Norwegian minority youth, ethnicities, 2012 (abstract)
How dishonest can you be as a scientist before you automatically get excluded? Was Gaza attacked in November? Or did Israel finally respond to the thousands of daily provocations in the form of willfully aiming grads, katyusha rockets, firing shots against hapless Israeli civilians?